Certificate of Incorporation of We The People of New York, Inc.
Under Section 402 of the Not-for-Profit Corporation Law

FIRST: The name of the corporation is: We The People of New York, Inc.

SECOND: The corporation is a corporation as defined in subparagraph (a) (5) of section 102 (Definitions) of the Not-For-Profit Corporation Law.

THIRD: The purpose or purposes for which the corporation is formed are as follows:

I. The Corporation is established to operate exclusively for the promotion of social welfare.

II. The Corporation will be primarily engaged in promoting the common good and general welfare of the people of the State.

III. The Corporation will be operated primarily for the purpose of bringing about civic betterments, social improvements and economic benefits through an improved understanding of and adherence to, via organized lawful citizen vigilance, the Charters of Freedom – i.e., the United States Declaration of Independence, the Constitution for the United States of America, the Constitution for the State of New York, and the New York State’s City Charters.

IV. The Corporation honors the centuries of dedicated efforts by many individuals and small groups to provide civic education and conduct appropriate civic actions in defense of these Charters of Freedom and the individual Rights of Free People.

V. The Corporation is established to:

  1. Secure, harness and utilize the fundamental political power of the People as it was intended from the time of America’s Founding; and
  2. Ensure the proper role of public officials, that is, securing the Liberty and Rights of the Free People; and
  3. Honor the genius of our Declaration of Independence and State and Federal Constitutions; and
  4. Continue the Spirit and Cause for Freedom established by our Founding Fathers; and
  5. Experience the Divine Gift of Liberty; and
  6. Fulfill the solemn duty to preserve and carry this Divine Legacy forward -- not only for our progeny, but for all Mankind.

VI. The Corporation is established to assist the Free People of this State to institute a culture and environment where all elected officials will be expected to exercise and embrace a sufficient reverence and enduring official respect for the People and their Charters of Freedom, with the knowledge that a critical mass of People - well educated about their Rights and the means to secure them - are watching what they are doing in their official capacities, and are able to hold them directly accountable, without undue reliance on the electoral process, and regardless of their political party.

VII. The Corporation is compelled, during this critical time in America, to organize large numbers of the People of the State, into what shall hereafter be known as a Constitution Lobby, which seeks to identify and redress violations of local, state and federal Charters by government officials to protect, preserve and enhance the experience and enjoyment of Liberty.

VIII. The Corporation, as a Constitution Lobby, shall assist the Free People of the State to ensure that both the letter and spirit of the Charters of Freedom and the essential principles embodied within, are upheld and maintained through perpetuity, never again to be set adrift by the ceaseless whims, promises and assurances of men, the machinations of government institutions, or the violative instructions of an errant political majority.

IX. The Corporation, as a Constitution Lobby, shall be a permanent, statewide, grass roots network of informed People committed to the personal duty of citizen vigilance in the cause of securing Constitutional Governance and Accountability by raising the consciousness of the State’s citizens above and beyond politics, personalities and parties so as to effect accord and compliance with the principles, prohibitions, restrictions and mandates of the Charters of Freedom for the People of the State.

X. The Corporation, as a Constitution Lobby, shall be designed as a balanced operational and management framework capable of supporting its communications, financing and mission needs, for the purpose of becoming an Effective Voice of the People, by embracing the responsible citizenry of the State who are devoted to the Cause of individual Liberty, Freedom, and accountable governance to:

  1. Effectively, cohesively and consistently monitor the official actions of public officials within their town, city, county, state and federal levels of government;
  2. Measure the actions of their public servants against the requirements of their City Charters, state and federal Constitutions, laws and oaths of office;
  3. In the event of a conflict or violation, prepare and serve a constitutionally protected First Amendment Petition for Redress of the Grievance upon all responsible parties;
  4. Facilitate public awareness about violation(s) and remedy(s), and apply public pressure upon the served parties to reply and/or comply and/or provide Redress as mandated by the Charters of the People;
  5. In the event of no response, take intelligent, rational, legal and non-violent steps to enforce the Rights of the People that have been violated, engaging all of the Lobby’s members, supporters and People of the state in the civic action.

XI. The Corporation, as a Constitution Lobby, is committed to ensuring that the power of America’s system of limited and accountable government is returned to the People and that all elected officials recognize themselves and behave as true servants of the People, binding them to the universal proposition that the very first obligation of government is to secure the Rights of the People and ensure their Freedom.

XII. The Corporation, as a Constitution Lobby, will within the State, lead educational and legal research efforts focusing on the principles, prohibitions, restrictions and mandates of the Charters of Freedom, violations thereof by government officials (elected or otherwise), and the People’s inherent, natural Right to a Remedy and the Right to Petition for Redress to cure such wrongs, both Rights guaranteed by the Charters of Freedom, in order that the People may exercise vigilance, secure Redress for their Grievances and restore and maintain Constitutional Order.

XIII. The Corporation, as a Constitution Lobby will train and employ a network of “Constitutional Monitors,” to be located in towns and cities across the State, for the purpose of maintaining Constitutional Order by diligently monitoring the actions of public officials as they operate our institutions of local, state and national governments, and holding them justly accountable without reservation, regardless of political affiliation, regardless of whether or not Lobby supporters voted for such officials and regardless of perceived implications of any such effort to Redress a violation.

XIV. The Corporation, as a broad based Constitution Lobby, respected, endorsed and supported by other institutions and an extensive multitude of individuals within the State, will finance the construction and operation of a highly visible Citizen Vigilance Center in the State Capital, manned with paid attorneys and professional staff who will provide the necessary legal expertise and management resources to:

  1. Lead civic education outreach on the State Constitution and City Charters, violations thereof, and the People’s inherent Right to secure Redress of their Grievances; and
  2. Coordinate citizen vigilance and enforcement efforts across the State; and
  3. Interact with the Constitutional Monitors to be located in towns and counties across the State who will:
    1. Systematically, routinely and quietly monitor what their elected officials are saying and doing at their town, city and state and federal levels of government; and
    2. Compare what their local and State elected officials are doing with the requirements of their state Constitutions, City Charters, and Law.

XV. The Corporation, as a Constitution Lobby, will confront many problems, including:

  1. Governments at the local, state and federal levels currently operate in sharp contrast to the way they were designed and legally authorized by the People to operate according to our Constitutions; and
  2. Ongoing departures from essential, fundamental principles of Liberty that, in the one instance have become precedents for a second, that second for a third and so forth, until, as Jefferson warned, "[T]he bulk of society [is being] reduced to be mere automations of misery…."; and
  3. Mounting debt, dependency and decay at every level of government.

XVI. The Incorporators believe that when it comes to confronting uncivil, unjust and unauthorized acts of government, i.e., when government steps outside the boundaries drawn around its power by our written Charters of Freedom, the education of citizens is for naught unless that education is coupled with civic action by a critical mass, ready, willing and able to enforce their Rights, intelligently, rationally, legally and non-violently.

XVII. The Incorporators believe Frederick Douglas was correct when he said in 1849:

"Power concedes nothing without a demand. It never did, and it never will.

Find out just what the people will submit to and you have found out the exact amount of injustice and wrong which will be imposed upon them...The limits of tyrants are prescribed by the endurance of those whom they suppress."

XVIII. The Corporation, as a Constitution Lobby, will be guided by the following wise and prudent advice of Thomas Jefferson:

The price of freedom is eternal vigilance.

The People are the only sure reliance for the preservation of Liberty.

On every question of the construction of the Constitution, let us carry ourselves back to the time when the Constitution was adopted, recollect the spirit manifested in the debates, and instead of trying what meaning may be squeezed out of the text, or invented against it, conform to the probable one in which it was passed.”

XIX. The Corporation, as a Constitution Lobby, will teach and adhere to the Fundamentals of Freedom, including:

  1. Citizen vigilance is a personal and lifelong duty, a necessary activity and investment by each citizen required to sustain Liberty and chain the violative nature of all governments; and
  2. The People of the State must never turn their attentions away from their public servants; and
  3. As all things political naturally tend toward servicing of the collective desires of the majority as opposed to the defense of the firmed principles embodied by the Charters, the People cannot generally afford to rely upon elections to reverse substantial wrongs; and
  4. The People must never assume that the Charters of Freedom and Rule of Law, which established America and made Her exceptional, and which were meant to guide Her Destiny, will ever be obeyed -- much less revered by their elected officials, without the continuing vigilance, action, presence and pressure of a Constitution Lobby.

XX. The Corporation, as a Constitution Lobby, shall assist the Free People in the State through the inextricably intertwined, measured disciplines of civic education and civic action, knowing that under the circumstances, one without the other will be for naught.

XXI. The Incorporators believe civic education must be promoted for two principal reasons:

  1. Ignorance is incapable of self-government. To be free, the People must know with certainty and specificity what their Rights are, and what Obligations and Restraints bind public officials within the Law. The People must rectify the abject failure of their education institutions to teach the history, meaning, effect and significance of every provision of the Charters of Freedom; and
  2. Unknown to most, the ordinary, non-aligned citizen, tax-payer must first learn about the tactics and legal tools possessed by Free Citizens, and then learn how to wield them intelligently, rationally and peacefully to confront unconstitutional and illegal behavior by those wielding governmental power.

XXII. The Incorporators believe civic action must be promoted for two principal reasons:

  1. The Charters of Freedom cannot defend themselves and will not be defended unless the People defend them. Constitutional governance is simply not possible through established political and governmental structures or processes, with or without the nefarious control and influence the major political parties, special interests and moneyed entities have over the selection and behavior of our legislators, governors and judges, virtually ensuring the impossibility of Righteous reform or substantive Redress; individual Rights are guaranteed by the words and well-ordered Principles embodied within the Charters of Freedom, not the transient and biased will or interpretation of elected officials or judges in our local, State and National units of government; and
  2. Individuals and small groups cannot prevail against a determined, but errant political majority in the task of holding elected officials within the boundaries drawn around their power by our written Charters of Freedom. Instead, true reform requires an organized pro-active, non-violent, mass-movement comprised of knowledgeable and committed Citizens, guided by the moral imperatives of securing the Freedom of the People and their Individual Rights, limiting the actions of all public officials to those authorized by our Charters of Freedom.

XXIII. The Corporation, as a Constitution Lobby, will always be on guard against violations of the People’s Absolute Rights of Life, Liberty, Property, and the Pursuit of Happiness.

XXIV. The Corporation, as a Constitution Lobby, will, whenever necessary, vindicate and protect the Absolute Rights by claiming and exercising the Subordinate Rights of Remedy and Petition for Redress and, in the event of no substantive response from their elected officials to their Petition for Redress and/or failure of the judiciary to issue a holding, addressing the merits of their Petitions for Redress, concurrent with the Founding Principles and Charters, the Lobby will claim and exercise their collateral Right of Enforcement through intelligent, rational, non-violent civic action.

XXV. The Corporation will work with such organizations as the We The People Foundation for Constitutional Education, Inc., a national civic research and educational Foundation that, as a non-partisan, non-political, educational entity that avoids all political questions: a) focuses on the Federal Constitution; b) provides constitutional education, outreach and assistance to citizens, nationwide; c) scrutinizes the actions of those operating the central government relative to the federal Constitution; d) guards against violations of the Absolute Rights of Liberty and Property; e) vindicates and protects the Absolute Rights by claiming and exercising the Subordinate Rights of Remedy and Petition for Redress; and f) in the event of no response from their federal officials to a Petition for Redress, calls upon the People in each State for assistance in enforcing the Rights of the People that have been violated.

XXVI. The Corporation will assist the Foundation, as appropriate, when called upon to do so by engaging all members and supporters of the Constitution Lobby created by the Corporation.

XXVII. The Corporation will also work with such national social benefit organizations as the We The People Congress, Inc., a civic action entity that, as a non-partisan, non-political organization: a) avoids all political activity; b) focuses primarily on State Constitutions and City Charters, taking appropriate peaceful and lawful actions to remedy government improprieties until they are resolved according to constitutional law; and c) is comprised of a non-partisan group of members from the ordinary, non-aligned citizenry of each state committed to what Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr. referred to as a "pro-active, non-violent, mass-movement" with the goal of achieving and maintaining constitutional governance in America.

XXVIII. The Corporation shall be supported by the dues of its members and donations from the People.

XXIX. The Incorporators believe it is through this State’s Constitution Lobby that the elected officials will eventually come to listen to and heed the People, knowing their outside political influences, and natural proclivity to operate without accountability, are no match against the committed curative efforts of the Constitution Lobby.

XXX. The Incorporators recognize that the path back toward Freedom will be difficult and that to secure permanent fundamental change in how governments currently behave and operate requires the enlightenment of both the People and those they elect as public servants.

XXXI. The Incorporators recognize that until the tide is reversed, there may be contentious confrontations involving the true nature of limited government and Individual Rights inherent in our Charters of Freedom.

XXXII. The Incorporators believe that in order for the Free People of the State to live Free, each succeeding generation of citizens must understand the history, meaning, effect and significance of every provision of the documents that frame their Republic, and be instructed in their duty to defend the Republic by holding their public officials accountable to those provisions.

XXXIII. The Incorporators believe that governments within this State are, for the most part, dysfunctional, non-responsive, non-representative and generally unaccountable for their faults or continuing violations against the Constitutions, People, their Liberty interests, and their Individual Rights; it is "broken" and needs to be fixed.

XXXIV. The incorporators acknowledge that Popular Sovereignty is a force of nature which expressly defines the relationship between Free Men and the governments they create to serve them, and that the claim and exercise of such force is a fundamental necessity for the perpetuation of Freedom, and that such force may only be realized practically through civic education and civic action of a devoted Citizenry.

XXXV. The incorporators also recognize that the requirements for changes in governmental structure and process may and probably will include, but not necessarily be limited to: the teaching of the history, meaning, effect and significance of every provision of the Declaration of Independence and the federal and state constitutions; increased accountability, ethics and efficiency; the clarification and strengthening of public-debt-limiting restrictions; the clarification of the federal taxing powers; the clarification of the federal war making powers; clarification and strengthening of the prohibitions regarding the gifting and lending of public funds for definitively private purposes; legislature reform including the strengthening of representative democracy and participatory democracy; greater compliance with constitutional treaty provisions; a reduction in and control over the cost and secrecy of the legislatures; easier access to the ballot for independents and party insurgents; limiting the power of political parties and of government in general; less voter fraud; weakening of the desire of special interests to influence legislative bodies; non-partisan elections; a judiciary that is less politicized and more independent and accountable; and, laws that do not favor public education over private education.

XXXVI. The Incorporators believe these needed reforms are simply not possible through existing political and governmental processes due in large part to the control and influence the major political parties have over the selection and behavior of our representatives, governors and judges and the influence various special interests and moneyed institutions have over our political and governmental leaders, creating a virtual impossibility of reform.

XXXVII. The Corporation will, by rational, intelligent and professional means: 1) make it difficult for those currently wielding political and governmental power to continue in power with a "business as usual" approach; and 2) lead the people of the State of New York toward significant improvements in our system of governance, including the achievement of the reforms listed above. The Corporation is committed to achieving its purposes by all possible peaceful, lawful means.

XXXIX. The primary goal of the Corporation is to enable, encourage and facilitate enduring institutionalized Citizen Vigilance of governmental behavior on the part of the People and the protection, preservation and enhancement of constitutional governance carried out in decency and good order, with the Highest Fidelity to, and in accordance with, the essential principles of: Natural Rights; Popular Sovereignty; the equality of Men; the origin, object and limited nature of government according to America’s Declaration of Independence; the Principle of separation of powers; the public’s right to Privacy; the public’s right to Access and Accountability; the Individual Right to Petition one’s government for a Redress of Grievances (without exception or limitation); and the obligation of the Government to adhere to the Charters of Freedom and to respond to the People’s Petitions for Redress of Grievances.

XL. In summary, this Corporation will serve as an instrument of the People of this State, dedicated and directed with Just Purpose toward the manifestation and maintenance of forms and institutions of government that will best secure the promises of Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness passed to us through our Charters of Freedom, being fully concordant and resonant with the Laws of Nature and the intention of Nature’s God.

FOURTH: The corporation shall be a Type A corporation pursuant to Section 201 of the Not-for-Profit Corporation Law.

FIFTH: The office of the corporation is to be located in the County of Washington, State of New York.

SIXTH: The names and addresses of the three initial directors of the corporation are:

Name: Robert L. Schulz

Address: 2458 Ridge Road, Queensbury, NY 12804

Name: Anthony Futia, Jr.

Address: 34 Custis Ave., North White Plains, NY 10603

Name: Judith M. Whitmore

Address: 2458 Ridge Road, Queensbury, NY 12804

SEVENTH: The Secretary of State is designated as agent of the Corporation on whom process may be served. The post office address to which the Secretary of State shall mail a copy of any such process is:

2458 Ridge Road,

Queensbury, New York 12804

Incorporator Name: Robert L. Schulz

Address: 2458 Ridge Road, Queensbury, NY